By the time of the Battle of Waterloo, the Industrial Revolution was beginning to change the world. For the first time in human history, energy from coal was replacing human or animal muscle power. Factories made things more quickly, and farms harvested more food. Inventions spread quickly across Europe, speeding up industry and science. This made the Napoleonic Wars even more fierce, as more soldiers could be sent to fight, more quickly, than ever before.

Explore the science of the age of Waterloo through videos, articles and fascinating gadgets.