Throughout the 1700s, the turnpike system spread throughout Britain, charging travellers a toll (fee) at different points along its roads to pay for maintenance and improvement. Often situated in isolated areas of the country, the toll collectorsneeded a good view from these houses in case of attack from thieves or protestors. This tollhouse was designed by Thomas Telford.
John McAdam revolutionised road travel in the 1800s, through his ‘Macadamisation’ method. The greatest advance in road construction since Roman times, his principles are still applied to road building today.