Resource : Tollhouse designed by Thomas Telford

Throughout the 1700s, the turnpike system spread throughout Britain, charging travellers a toll (fee) at different points along its roads to pay for maintenance and improvement. Often situated in isolated areas of the country, the toll collectorsneeded a good view from these houses in case of attack from thieves or protestors. This tollhouse was designed by Thomas Telford.

Resource : Dartmoor Prison and English Barracks

Dartmoor prison was built between 1806 and 1809, mainly to confine thousands of prisoners of war. It was built in Princetown, a bleak part of Dartmoor and an ideal location because of its remoteness. It was designed by Daniel Asher Alexander, with buildings arranged like the spokes in a wheel, surrounded by a high perimeter wall. It was one of Britain’s first purpose-built prisons designed for 6,000 prisoners, and still remains a prison today, though now with a maximum capacity of just 659.